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Accept or except? | OxfordWords blog

Scritto da Salvo Palazzolo il 22 marzo 2017 |  
Pubblicato nella categoria Il blog inchiesta

2. Except

add-post-content”>When except acts as a conjunction, it means ‘apart from the fact that’ and it’s used before you mention something that makes a preceding statement not completely valid:

If you’re prone to getting accept and except mixed up, you might find some consolation in learning that writers have been https://justpaste.it/order-essay-online-review confusing the two for about 600 years. Here’s a 16th-century example from the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), which shows except being erroneously used instead of accept:

He was similarly dressed, except that his shirt hung more loosely from his body.

  • The opinions and other information contained in OxfordWords blog posts and comments do not necessarily reflect the opinions or positions of Oxford University Press.
  • • Verb
    ? No real geek watches TV any more, accept for some sports games.

    Published material submitted for review is excepted from this rule.

    • Conjunction
    My car is as colourful as Rick’s, except mine is red while his is orange.

    If you’re among those who aren’t 100% sure, you could be forgiven: accept and except sound very similar when we say them. The similarity ends there, though – these words have very different, almost opposite, meanings. If you use them incorrectly, you’ll run the risk of people misunderstanding what you’ve written and getting the wrong impression. For example, ‘she excepts everyone for what they are…’ actually means ‘she excludes everyone for what they are…’ and completely contradicts the writer’s positive opinion of the person in question!

    There’s also a related adjective, excepted, which only occurs after a noun:

    What do you mean?

    Tip 2: except and exclude share the meaning ‘to leave out’ and both begin with ex-.

    Do you accept that the above sentence is good English (please disregard the sentiments expressed therein!)? How about these two examples – would you take exception to them?

    Having a clear understanding of the main meanings of accept and except is the key to using these words correctly. It also helps if you know what part each word plays grammatically in a sentence.

    Excepting Knowles, none of them are really asked to act.

    A shared origin and early confusion

    ? She excepts everyone for what they are and I think this is a great trait to have.

    If you decided that all three sentences contained mistaken uses of accept and except, you were absolutely correct – well done! However, I’ve spotted such errors in all types of written English, from blogs to online newspapers, which shows that there are many people out there who are getting these words confused and who may need some guidance.

    Accept or except?

    Nowadays, acception is a rarely used word. It’s related to accept, and mainly means ‘the action of taking something presented’. You’ll find it in the historical Oxford English Dictionary, but not in most current English dictionaries. The writer actually meant:

    • Preposition

    X  Cheating is not exceptable in any game. 

    • to admit or recognize that you are responsible for something: a true leader is one who accepts responsibility for a failure; I accept that I made a mistake.
      Cheating is not acceptable in any game.

    • to remain in or put up with a difficult situation because there’s no other option: they are forced to accept horrible risks by the economic pressure put on them; thousands accepted deteriorating working conditions so as to feed their families.

    Two tips

      Tip 1: accept means ‘agree’ and both words start with an ‘a’.
      As a preposition, except means ‘apart from; not including’ and it’s used before you mention the only person or thing about which a statement isn’t the case:

      Except can also function as a verb, though this use is fairly rare compared to the other two parts of speech: you’re most likely to encounter it in formal contexts, such as official reports. It means ‘to not include in a category or group; to exclude’:

      If you’re prone to getting accept and except mixed up, you might find some consolation in learning that writers have been confusing the two for about 600 years.

      In modern English, accept only functions as a verb, so if you know that the word you need is a verb, the spelling is most likely to be accept. It has six main meanings, all related to the central idea of agreeing to do or take something:

      • Accept originates from the Latin verb accipere ‘to receive, take, agree’, which is formed from the prefix ad– (meaning ‘to’, and with the spelling changed to ac-) plus capere.

      Before I explain how to differentiate these words, I’d like to take you on a brief detour to discover their historical background (bear with me, it should also help when it comes to remembering their meanings). In fact, accept and except have a common lexical ancestor: the Latin verb capere, which means ‘to take’. The distinction in their meanings stems from the fact that each word begins with a different Latin prefix.

      Think you could do with some quick and easy tips to help you to banish confusion and choose the right word every time? Read on…

      Everyone knew what was going on except me.
      • to believe that something is true or valid: it is generally accepted that reading is important; I’ve heard of that happening before, so I accepted her explanation.

       ? The British really are mad as hatters – present company accepted of course.

      X  I take acception to your remarks about Alan.

      In modern English, except can be a preposition, a conjunction, or a verb. All of its meanings are based on the idea of leaving someone or something out. As we’ve seen, it begins with the prefix ex– (‘out; outside of’) and is related to all the other English ‘ex-‘ words, such as exclude, exhale, and exile.

      • to take something that is offered to you; to say yes to an offer or invitation: we hope you will accept our apology for any distress caused; the fund is now accepting donations that will benefit deserving students.
      • Except is from Latin excipire ‘to take out’, which also derives from capere, but with the addition of the prefix ex– (‘out of’) instead.

      Finally, except has a few other related words which you need to beware of spelling incorrectly. Here’s an example (one of around 40 on the OEC):

      This weekend both sides will be at full strength, injuries excepted.

      I take exception to your remarks about Alan.

      X  To except them (as they be) very lordes of the narowe sea.

      • to agree to or approve of something: I accept the Board’s decision that it’s time for me to step down; they recognized that price promotions were an accepted practice in business.

      Here’s hoping you’ve accepted these explanations and found them instructive. While you may or may not agree that misusing except for accept is ‘one of the grossest errors that a published writer can commit’ (Garner’s Modern American Usage), it’s always advisable to avoid any potentially confusing or irritating faux pas. I’ll leave you with these two handy tips:

      And a preposition, excepting, which means the same as the preposition except:

      • to receive someone or something because they are suitable or meet specified requirements: she was accepted by the college of her dreams; we accept all major credit cards.

      Remember that there are words related to accept (such as acceptable and acceptance) which you should also take care to spell correctly. For example, there are over 50 instances of acceptable being wrongly written as exceptable (a word that isn’t part of standard English) in the Oxford English Corpus (OEC):

      The coast was deserted, except for one lone fisherman.

      1. Accept

    8 Ways to Help Introverts Brainstorm for Creative Projects

    Scritto da Salvo Palazzolo il 22 marzo 2017 |  
    Pubblicato nella categoria Il blog inchiesta

    6. Provide Detailed Agendas Beforehand

    Extroverted students often prove essential in getting the discussion rolling. They also often have wonderful ideas to contribute. Still, it’s important not to let louder voices dominate the entire discussion. Encourage other students to speak, first by asking other extroverts who haven’t managed to work their way into the exchange yet directly to contribute. Then encourage introverted students to speak not by asking them directly but by saying something like, “Thank you for these wonderful ideas. Is there anybody who hasn’t spoken up yet who has any thoughts to add?”

    When brainstorming in a group of any size, introverts will do best when the brainstorming sessions don’t last any longer than about 10 minutes (depending on the age). For longer sessions, take think breaks to allow introverts to recover.

     1. Don’t Let Extroverts Dominate the Discussion

    It Starts With Understanding

    While there is a high chance that quieter students may be introverts, it’s important not to confuse introversion with shyness or other social anxieties. As Susan Cain articulates with such nuance in both her famous TED Talk and her bestselling book, Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking, introversion is primarily about a student’s energy. Students who gain their energy and inspiration from being around people are extroverts, while introverts are refreshed via quiet and alone time. Introverts can definitely be social creatures, but they can only be so when they’re getting enough solo thinking and contemplation time. Introverts are also more likely to find loud and highly social experiences overwhelming, and often prefer to have fewer but higher quality friends.

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    Introverts thrive when they have the mental space and quiet contemplation they need to really think their thoughts through. They also do better when they’re not trying to process a loud, rapid fire conversation at the same time as they’re trying to think. As such, try breaking students into much smaller groups of extroverts or introverts, or even letting them brainstorm on their own (a solid 40 years of research indicates that people tend to brainstorm better ideas solo anyway). For the introverts, make sure to provide a quiet space that is free from distraction — one that is basically the complete opposite of the open plan office.

    Even better, get specific with your questions so that your introverted students will feel confident what they have to say is relevant to the topic at hand. And of course, praise and write down all ideas, no matter how good you secretly think they are. Taken together, these measures will provide at least some introverted students with the confidence they need to speak up.

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    2. Break Out of the Big Group

    7. Offer Introverts Role Models

    Takeaway

    5. Try Brainwriting Rather Than Brainstorming

    Of course, before giving students this kind of autonomy, set clear goals for what they are to accomplish and demonstrate a few ways that the process can go. Introverts in particular tend to thrive when they have the nitty gritty details, and it will be well worth your time devote class time to a lesson in brainstorming. As with all top essay services reviewshttps://justpaste.it/majesticpapers-review brainstorming, emphasize a “yes, and…” mentality; that is, there are no bad ideas, and every thought should be taken as far as it can go.

    Here’s a little scenario that will be familiar to most teachers. There you are leading a brainstorm for a creative project, when you notice several students haven’t contributed a single word. Despite your best attempts to moderate and encourage all voices, you just can’t seem to catch the eyes of the quiet ones. But you know they’ve got great ideas; in fact, their written work is often the best in the class. And yet, you know they’ll be mortified if you call them by name — red cheeks and stammering is almost a guarantee. How can you help your introverted students brainstorm great ideas without this level of stress?

    Introverted students are deep-thinking, and often highly creative individuals who can and should be encouraged to brainstorm in a way that unlocks their potential rather than getting in its way. How do you help your introverts brainstorm? Let us know what you’ve seen work — and what you’ve seen fail — in the comments below or via Twitter @Edudemic!

    No one said brainstorming had to happen in one sitting. After all, there’s a reason thought leaders and creatives so often talk about having “shower moments,” in which a great idea just pops into their brains as their sudsing up. Our brains often need time and space for processing thoughts and making connections subconsciously. As such, have students touch base again the next day to see if they have any thoughts to add to the discussion. Alternatively, keep a sheet on the wall and have students add ideas sporadically as they come. This can be done well in a shared Google Doc as well.

    In the workplace, detailed agendas allow introverts the space they need to really think through what they’re going to say when the time comes, removing the pressure of thinking on their feet. The same can be true in the classroom. Whether you write it down on a syllabus, email the class the night before, or communicate details orally at the end of the previous school day, give students a brief rundown of what they can expect in the project brainstorming session to come so they can fully prepare.

    3. Do It In Bursts

    4. Stretch It Out

    8. Don’t Force Introverts to Speak

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    Who said the best ideas are orally articulated? Try asking your students to jot down a few ideas for the project at hand. Then have them swap papers and add their own thoughts in different colored pens. Maintain silence the whole time, while students’ minds open up on the page before them.

    Given these realities, here are a few ways you can set introverts up for success while brainstorming in the classroom.

    This point cannot be emphasized enough. Yes, introverted students will need coping skills as they navigate an extroverted world, and yes, this does mean learning to speak in bigger groups from time to time. But these are skills that can and should be worked on in a focused and encouraging manner, one that is separate from the brainstorming process. Creativity requires confidence and an environment in which all students feel they can safely articulate their ideas without criticism. Forced contributions remove those feelings of safety, and are therefore counterproductive. By all means, work on public speaking, but do it outside of the brainstorming arena.

    From J.K. Rowling to Steve Wozniak, introverts across the ages have consistently contributed to the world good. Help build the confidence of your introverts by providing them with famous role models, while also providing positive feedback for their ideas, and embracing rather than criticizing their mindset.

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